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Blood Clot in Leg

There are numerous reasons why a person might experience a blood clot in leg, some of which pose no cause for worry. However, in some cases, a blood clot in leg is a sign of deep vein thrombosis (DVT). At The California Institute for Deep Venous Thrombosis, Dr. Farshad Malekmehr and his team utilize drug medication, non-drug treatment and surgery to successfully treat patients, as well as surgery when necessary. Some of the main goals of DVT treatment include preventing a blood clot in leg from getting bigger, breaking off and causing and embolism or preventing pain and swelling due to postphlebitic syndrome. Through the use of procedures like anticoagulation, IVC filter, compression stockings, mechanical thrombectomy and thrombolysis, Dr. Malekmehr treats patients with unparalleled skill and world-class experience.

Within the human body, blood flows within blood vessels, pumping through arteries to the different organs and cells of the body. The blood is then returned to the heart by the veins. When muscles in the body contract, the veins squeeze, pushing the blood back to the heart.

Blood clotting can be important in helping the body to repair injured blood vessels. However, if blood stops flowing, it can also begin to clot, becoming stagnant. An example of this is venous thrombosis, when blood clots in legs form due to lack of movement, it can lead to muscles that are not contracting, to push blood back to the heart. This stagnant blood begins to form small clots along the walls of the vein, initially growing to partially or completely block the vein, preventing blood from returning to the heart.

Immobility is one of the most common causes of venous clots. Muscle movement is required to pump blood towards the heart, and stagnant blood in a vein is prone to clot. If a person is bedridden or immobile due to illness or a hospital stay, or simply a sedentary lifestyle, their risk of suffering from a blood clot rises. In fact, venous thrombosis can occur even after a long car or plane trip, wherein a person is required to spend hours without getting up to walk or stretch.

Symptoms of blood clots include:

  • Swelling
  • Warmth
  • Redness
  • Pain

While these symptoms can be irritating or uncomfortable, blood clots in legs can also lead to serious complications of DVT that can have far-reaching or even fatal consequences. In some cases, deep venous thrombosis may lead to pulmonary embolism – wherein a blood clot breaks off and becomes lodged in a small blood vessel or into a lung, preventing effective functioning. Postphlebitic syndrome is also a possible consequence. This is a syndrome that is caused by damage to the veins from a blood clot that reduces blood flow in affected areas, and can lead to swelling of the legs, pain in the legs and skin discoloration. That's why, if you're suffering from the symptoms of blood clot in leg, early diagnosis and treatment from Dr. Malekmehr is of the utmost importance.

Blood clots in leg can be uncomfortable and dangerous if left untreated, so don't hesitate to schedule an appointment with Dr. Malekmehr at The California Institute for Deep Venous Thrombosis. As a board-certified specialist in cardiac, vascular and thoracic surgery, Dr. Malekmehr leads a team that is dedicated to providing the best possible medical attention, so contact us today.

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